OTTAWA — Statistics Canada says the economy added 246,000 in August as the pace of job gains slowed compared with July, when 419,000 jobs were added.
The figure marked the fourth consecutive month of gains from COVID-19 related lockdowns this spring, bringing the number to within 1.1 million of pre-pandemic levels.
Gains in August were largely concentrated in full-time work, which had been lagging behind gains in part-time employment.
Full-time work rose by 206,000 while the number of part-time workers rose by 40,000.
Full-time employment is now almost six per cent away from pre-pandemic levels compared to the 3.9 per cent shortfall in part-time work.
Employment also rose at a faster pace for women than men for the third straight month as Statistics Canada reported women gained about 150,000 positions in August compared with 96,000 for men.
As well, the number of Canadians working less than half their usual hours — likely due to COVID-19 — fell by 14.6 per cent. That leaves some 713,000 workers still working fewer hours, down from the 2.5 million peak in April.
More Canadians headed into work instead of their home office, Statistics Canada says, noting that 300,000 fewer people worked from home while those working in other locations rose by almost 400,000.
The unemployment rate fell to 10.2 per cent in August compared with 10.9 per cent in July.
Economists were expecting a slightly higher gain of 275,000 jobs in August and an unemployment rate of 10.1 per cent, according to financial data firm Refinitiv.
Statistics Canada says the unemployment rate in August would have been 13 per cent had it included in calculations people who wanted a job, but didn’t look for work.
The unemployment rate was higher for racialized workers than non-racialized workers.
Statistics Canada says the rate, not seasonally adjusted, for Arab workers was 17.9 per cent, followed by 17.6 per cent for Black workers, and then 16.6 per cent for those who identify as Southeast Asian.
The agency also says that employment among Indigenous people living off-reserve fell by 1.8 per cent from July, compared with gains of 1.3 per cent for non-Indigenous Canadians.
That left Indigenous people with an employment rate at 91.4 per cent of February levels, compared to 96.7 per cent for non-Indigenous Canadians, Statistics Canada says.
Here’s a quick look at Canada’s August employment (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Unemployment rate: 10.2 per cent (10.9)
- Employment rate: 58.0 per cent (57.3)
- Participation rate: 64.6 per cent (64.3)
- Number unemployed: 2,046,900 (2,183,600)
- Number working: 18,091,700 (17,845,900)
- Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 23.1 per cent (24.2)
- Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 8.4 per cent (8.9)
- Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 7.7 per cent (8.6)
Here are the jobless rates last month by province (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Newfoundland and Labrador 13.1 per cent (15.6)
- Prince Edward Island 10.7 per cent (11.7)
- Nova Scotia 10.3 per cent (10.8)
- New Brunswick 9.4 per cent (9.8)
- Quebec 8.7 per cent (9.5)
- Ontario 10.6 per cent (11.3)
- Manitoba 8.1 per cent (8.2)
- Saskatchewan 7.9 per cent (8.8)
- Alberta 11.8 per cent (12.8)
- British Columbia 10.7 per cent (11.1)
Statistics Canada also released seasonally adjusted, three-month moving average unemployment rates for major cities. It cautions, however, that the figures may fluctuate widely because they are based on small statistical samples. Here are the jobless rates last month by city (numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- St. John’s, N.L. 10.5 per cent (11.7)
- Halifax 10.1 per cent (10.9)
- Moncton, N.B. 7.0 per cent (8.2)
- Saint John, N.B. 9.7 per cent (9.8)
- Saguenay, Que. 6.3 per cent (8.3)
- Quebec City 6.3 per cent (8.6)
- Sherbrooke, Que. 8.2 per cent (8.7)
- Trois-Rivieres, Que. 7.6 per cent (9.8)
- Montreal 11.8 per cent (13.0)
- Gatineau, Que. 8.1 per cent (9.1)
- Ottawa 9.5 per cent (9.2)
- Kingston, Ont. 10.1 per cent (11.3)
- Peterborough, Ont. 10.0 per cent (10.6)
- Oshawa, Ont. 11.4 per cent (12.4)
- Toronto 13.9 per cent (14.7)
- Hamilton, Ont. 10.0 per cent (11.3)
- St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 11.3 per cent (12.5)
- Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 12.9 per cent (12.9)
- Brantford, Ont. 9.8 per cent (10.6)
- Guelph, Ont. 11.1 per cent (13.8)
- London, Ont. 9.3 per cent (10.5)
- Windsor, Ont. 10.1 per cent (12.5)
- Barrie, Ont. 9.2 per cent (9.7)
- Greater Sudbury, Ont. 8.6 per cent (9.2)
- Thunder Bay, Ont. 9.2 per cent (10.3)
- Winnipeg 10.4 per cent (11.1)
- Regina 9.3 per cent (10.5)
- Saskatoon 10.8 per cent (12.7)
- Calgary 14.4 per cent (15.5)
- Edmonton 13.6 per cent (15.0)
- Kelowna, B.C. 9.0 per cent (10.0)
- Abbotsford-Mission, B.C. 8.2 per cent (8.3)
- Vancouver 12.8 per cent (13.3)
- Victoria 10.3 per cent (11.1)
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Sept. 4, 2020
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